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Nicholas Gonzalez
Nicholas Gonzalez

Police Administration: Structures, Processes, and Behavior (9th Edition) - A Comprehensive and Authoritative Guide for Police Leaders


Police Administration: Structures, Processes, And Behavior (9th Edition) Book Pdf




If you are interested in learning more about the complex and dynamic field of police administration, you might want to check out the book Police Administration: Structures, Processes, And Behavior (9th Edition) by Charles R. Swanson, Leonard J. Territo, and Robert W. Taylor. This book is a comprehensive and authoritative guide that covers the essential topics and issues related to police administration. In this article, I will give you an overview of what this book is about, what are its main features, and what are the key takeaways from each chapter.




Police Administration: Structures, Processes, And Behavior (9th Edition) Book Pdf



Introduction




Police administration is the management and leadership of police organizations. It involves planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling, and evaluating the activities and resources of police agencies. Police administration also deals with the human, financial, legal, ethical, political, and social aspects of policing.


Police administration is important because it affects the performance, accountability, legitimacy, and public trust of police agencies. It also influences the quality of life, safety, and security of the communities they serve. Police administration is a challenging and rewarding profession that requires knowledge, skills, creativity, innovation, and adaptability.


The book Police Administration: Structures, Processes, And Behavior (9th Edition) is a comprehensive and authoritative guide that covers the essential topics and issues related to police administration. It provides a balanced and realistic perspective that integrates theory and practice. It also incorporates the latest research findings, case studies, examples, exercises, and discussion questions to enhance learning and critical thinking.


The main features of the 9th edition of the book are:


  • It reflects the current trends and challenges in police administration such as community policing, problem-oriented policing, evidence-based policing, intelligence-led policing, homeland security, terrorism, cybercrime, diversity, ethics, accountability, transparency, reform, innovation, and change.



  • It covers the core functions and processes of police administration such as strategic planning, budgeting, staffing, training, evaluation, communication, decision making, problem solving, conflict management, motivation, teamwork, and leadership.



  • It explores the various structures and types of police organizations such as municipal police departments, county sheriffs' offices, state police agencies, federal law enforcement agencies, specialized units, task forces, and regional and international cooperation.



  • It examines the behavior and culture of police organizations such as organizational values, norms, beliefs, attitudes, roles, expectations, motives, goals, and climate.



  • It analyzes the external and internal factors that affect police administration such as environmental scanning, stakeholder analysis, political and legal constraints, ethical and social responsibilities, organizational and individual challenges, and opportunities and threats.



Chapter summaries




Chapter 1: The Evolution of Police Administration




This chapter traces the history and development of police administration from the ancient times to the present day. It highlights the major theories and models of police administration that have influenced the field such as the classical, human relations, behavioral, systems, contingency, and new public management approaches. It also discusses the current trends and challenges in police administration such as globalization, technology, diversity, accountability, and innovation.


The history and development of police administration




The history and development of police administration can be divided into four main periods:


  • The pre-industrial period (before the 19th century): This period was characterized by informal, decentralized, and community-based forms of policing such as night watchmen, constables, sheriffs, and justices of the peace. The main functions of policing were to maintain order, enforce laws, and collect taxes. The main challenges of policing were corruption, brutality, favoritism, and inefficiency.



  • The industrial period (19th century to early 20th century): This period was characterized by formal, centralized, and bureaucratic forms of policing such as metropolitan police departments, state police agencies, and federal law enforcement agencies. The main functions of policing were to prevent crime, protect property, and preserve public safety. The main challenges of policing were urbanization, industrialization, immigration, social unrest, and organized crime.



  • The post-industrial period (mid-20th century to late 20th century): This period was characterized by professional, scientific, and democratic forms of policing such as the reform movement, the community policing movement, and the problem-oriented policing movement. The main functions of policing were to solve problems, enhance quality of life, and foster community partnerships. The main challenges of policing were civil rights, social change, crime control, and legitimacy.



  • The information age period (early 21st century to present): This period is characterized by innovative, adaptive, and strategic forms of policing such as evidence-based policing, intelligence-led policing, homeland security, and terrorism. The main functions of policing are to reduce risks, enhance effectiveness, and increase accountability. The main challenges of policing are globalization, technology, diversity, ethics, and innovation.



The major theories and models of police administration




The major theories and models of police administration that have influenced the field are:


  • The classical approach: This approach is based on the principles of scientific management, administrative management, and bureaucratic management. It emphasizes rationality, efficiency, productivity, and standardization. It views police organizations as closed systems that operate in a stable and predictable environment. It advocates a hierarchical structure, a division of labor, a chain of command, a span of control, a unity of command, and formal rules and regulations.



  • The human relations approach: This approach is based on the findings of the Hawthorne studies and the human relations movement. It emphasizes human factors, motivation, satisfaction, and cooperation. It views police organizations as open systems that operate in a dynamic and complex environment. It advocates a participatory structure, a delegation of authority, a decentralization of decision making, a flexible span of control, a multiple chain of command, and informal norms and values.



  • The behavioral approach: This approach is based on the contributions of the behavioral sciences and the organizational behavior field. It emphasizes individual behavior, group behavior, organizational behavior, and environmental behavior. It views police organizations as adaptive systems that operate in a turbulent and uncertain environment. It advocates a contingency structure, a situational leadership style, a problem-solving process, a team-based approach, a networked chain of command, and a learning culture.



  • The systems approach: This approach is based on the concepts and principles of general systems theory and open systems theory. It emphasizes inputs, outputs, throughputs, feedbacks, and equifinality. It views police organizations as interrelated systems that operate in an interdependent and diverse environment. It advocates a holistic structure, a systems thinking perspective, a strategic planning process, a balanced scorecard approach, a boundary-spanning chain of command, and a stakeholder orientation.



  • The contingency approach: This approach is based on the premise that there is no one best way to manage or lead police organizations. It emphasizes fit, alignment, compatibility, and congruence. It views police organizations as unique systems that operate in a specific and variable environment. It advocates a flexible structure, a matching leadership style, a diagnostic process, a customized approach, a contingency chain of command, and an optimal culture.



a customer-oriented structure, a performance-based leadership style, a results-oriented process, a value-added approach, a performance chain of command, and a performance culture.


The current trends and challenges in police administration




The current trends and challenges in police administration are:


  • Globalization: This trend refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of the world in terms of economy, politics, culture, and technology. It poses challenges such as transnational crime, terrorism, cybercrime, human trafficking, and environmental issues. It also creates opportunities such as international cooperation, information sharing, best practices, and innovation.



  • Technology: This trend refers to the rapid development and diffusion of new technologies that affect policing such as biometrics, drones, body cameras, social media, artificial intelligence, and big data. It poses challenges such as privacy, security, ethics, and regulation. It also creates opportunities such as efficiency, effectiveness, accountability, and transparency.



  • Diversity: This trend refers to the increasing heterogeneity and complexity of the society in terms of demographics, culture, values, and preferences. It poses challenges such as communication, understanding, respect, and inclusion. It also creates opportunities such as representation, participation, collaboration, and innovation.